How Long Does A HGV Medical Last?

How Long Does A HGV Medical Last

To ensure that you are safe to drive an HGV, as well as the correct HGV training, you’ll also need to be fit and healthy. Therefore, you’ll need to undergo a medical examination to assess your health, which is required multiple times throughout your HGV driving career. But how long does an HGV medical last, and what factors influence its duration? Let’s delve into the details to answer all the queries we often get asked.

Understanding The HGV Medical Examination

The HGV medical examination is a thorough assessment conducted by a registered medical practitioner specifically trained to evaluate drivers’ fitness for operating HGVs.

This examination delves into multiple facets of a driver’s health to ensure they meet the Group 2 medical standards, as set out by DVLA.

  • Vision Assessment
  • Diabetes
  • Psychiatric illness
  • Substance misuse
  • Cardiovascular health
  • Neurological and sleep disorders

What’s Involved In an HGV Medical?

The medical itself typically takes around 15 minutes, and during the appointment, the doctor will complete the following:

  • Medical Questionnaire: You’ll be asked about various medical conditions, such as epilepsy, seizures, insulin-treated diabetes, and other health issues. Some conditions, if managed, will not affect your application. You will need to declare any medication you take on a regular basis.
  • Vision Assessment: In terms of vision, you’ll need to meet the minimum requirement of 6/7.5 in one eye and 6/60 in the other, as measured on a 3-metre Snellen chart. If you wear driving glasses or contact lenses, you’ll need to bring them with you.
  • Blood Pressure Check: In order to meet the DVLA group 2 standard, your blood pressure must not consistently exceed 179/99.

Based on the assessment (which occurs multiple times throughout your career), the practitioner will determine whether you are medically safe to drive regardless of how good you are behind the wheel.

Applying For A Provisional Licence For HGV & LGV

Anyone who wishes to apply for a provisional licence to drive lorries must have a medical. This is included as part of our LGV Starter Pack

The D4 Medical form is submitted to DVLA, along with a D2 Application form, to show that you are medically fit to drive these vehicles.

Licence Renewals: Age-Based Requirements

Age plays a significant role in determining how often an individual needs to undergo an HGV licence renewal and medical examination. 

The regulations set forth by the Driver and Vehicle Licensing Agency (DVLA) outline specific intervals based on age.

  • Under 45 Years: Once you have your HGV licence it is typically valid until the age of 45. You therefore won’t need to complete any additional medicals until you reach this age.
  • Between 45 & 65 Years: Between the ages of 45 and 65, you must have a medical every 5 years to ensure you still meet the DVLA Group 2 medical standards
  • Over 65 Years: Once a driver reaches the age of 65, the requirements change. After the age of 65, drivers are required to undergo an HGV medical examination annually. This increased frequency reflects the potential health risks associated with ageing.

Special Medical Requirements

While age-based intervals provide a general guideline, there are instances where drivers may need to undergo more frequent medical examinations. This often occurs when drivers have specific medical conditions or histories that require closer monitoring.

For example, if a driver has a medical condition that could impact their ability to drive a Heavy Goods Vehicle safely, the DVLA may require more frequent medical assessments. In such cases, the DVLA may stipulate annual medical examinations regardless of the driver’s age.

Ensuring Compliance & Safety

Adhering to the requirements for HGV medical examinations is not only a legal obligation but also essential for ensuring the safety of all road users. By undergoing regular medical assessments, drivers can identify any health issues affecting their driving ability and take appropriate measures to address them.

It’s also important for employers and fleet operators to stay informed about their drivers’ medical certification status and ensure that all employees are compliant with regulations. This helps mitigate risks and ensures that only fit and capable drivers are behind the wheel of HGVs.

Final Words

To conclude, the duration of an HGV medical certificate varies based on age and individual circumstances.

For most drivers, the certificate is valid for five years until the age of 65, after which annual examinations are required. However, drivers with certain medical conditions may need to undergo more frequent assessments as determined by the DVLA.

If you want to get started with your HGV career, visit our starter pack guide for HGVs for further information. Alternatively, contact our team if you have any questions regarding the medical assessment.